Patterns of Time Transfers between Generations and Genders

Emilio Zagheni, University of Washington
Marina Zannella, Vienna Institute of Demography
Gabriel Movsesyan, Graduate Center, City University of New York (CUNY)
Brittney Wagner, Queens College, City University of New York (CUNY)

We use data from the Multinational Time Use Study to estimate time production, con-sumption and transfers in a comparative perspective. We produced profiles by age, sex, household composition and education. In households with young children, household work is generally higher for both men and women, across age groups. However, as chil-dren grow up, household production remains high for women, whereas it returns to almost pre-childbearing levels for men. The heterogeneity in time production by level of educa-tion is minimal for men in all the countries considered. For women, we observed a gradi-ent by education virtually in all countries. Over time, women across all age groups have decreased the time dedicated to household production. Men have generally increased it. Delay in marriage and childbearing have led the peak in household production to shift to older age groups. Our analysis adds to the literature about gender inequality and intergen-erational transfers.

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 Presented in Session 166. Gender, Families, and Time Use