How Does Assortative Mating Impact Inter-Generational Education Mobility? A Two-Sided Matching Model
Jingying He, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Intergenerational education mobility estimation can be inconsistent due to potential endogeneity. In this paper, I investigate the question of whether endogeneity is due to effects of parents’ assortative mating on unobserved mutually determined factors that affect their children’s educational attainment. This study develops a structural model based on a two-sided matching model to identify the underlying pattern of assortative mating and to filter out any bias caused by such endogeneity. I show that 1) In Chinese marriage market, the assortative matching is asymmetric and does cause an endogeneity problem;a woman considers a man’s education level, hukou status and other unobserved qualities that are correlated with child’s education, while a man considers unobserved qualities of women that are not correlated with child’s education; 2) causal relationship of parents’ education, leadership and hukou on child’s education do exist, and the coefficients of father’s characteristics are greater than mother’s.
Presented in Session P1. Marriage, Unions, Families, and Households