Micro-Level Determinants of Childlessness in Italy: A SEM Approach
Annalisa Donno, Università di Padova
Maria-Letizia Tanturri, Università di Padova
A comprehensive theory on childlessness is not well-developed yet. Several determinants, often inter-related, have been proposed in the literature, so that their relative impact is not easily identifiable and quantifiable. The current Italian demographic context - characterized by low fertility, postponed childbearing and increasing childlessness among generations - is an interesting context to study the phenomenon, using retrospective data from 2008 Multipurpose Survey. The aim of this paper is to find micro-level determinants of childlessness in Italy, by analyzing changes in childlessness patterns over cohort, and by gender, for giving a contribution in the research on childlessness determinants also among men. A Structural Equation Models (SEM) approach is used, to specify and assess causality networks among different childlessness-related aspects and childlessness itself. SEM techniques allow, through a dynamic approach, to understand whether and to what extent each dimension and each hypothesized causal link contribute in determining the phenomenon under study.
Presented in Session P9. Family Planning, Sexual Behavior, and Reproductive Health