The Social Disorganisation Theory and Community Effects on Teenage Pregnancy in South Africa
Sibusiso Mkwananzi, University of the Witwatersrand
Background: Teenage pregnancy (TP) remains a great social challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. Past research has shown factors associated with the phenomenon in South Africa (Mcleod, 2010; Panday, 2009; Jewkes, 2009). Despite efforts to curb TP, reports indicate a persistently high prevalence in South Africa. The influence of social disorganisation (SD) has not been explored. Aim: To examine the effect of precursors and characteristics of SD on TP Methods: Data of pregnancy experience among females aged 12 to 19 years were extracted from the 2011 census. Descriptive statistics and multilevel logistic modelling were performed. Results: Precursors of SD at household level were positively associated with pregnancy where as community level precursors and characteristics were negatively associated with TP in South Africa. Conclusion: Household experience of SD precursors increases the likelihood of TP. Therefore, policies should be created to minimise the levels and effects of household precursors of SD in South Africa.
Presented in Session P4. Children and Youth/Population and Aging