The Social Disorganisation Theory and Community Effects on Teenage Pregnancy in South Africa
Sibusiso Mkwananzi, University of the Witwatersrand
Background: Teenage pregnancy (TP) remains a great social challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. Past research has shown factors associated with the phenomenon in South Africa (Mcleod, 2010; Panday, 2009; Jewkes, 2009). Despite efforts to curb TP, reports indicate a persistently high prevalence in South Africa. The influence of social disorganisation (SD) has not been explored. Aim: To examine the effect of precursors and characteristics of SD on TP Methods: Data of pregnancy experience among females aged 12 to 19 years were extracted from the 2011 census. Descriptive statistics and multilevel logistic modelling were performed. Results: Precursors of SD at household level were positively associated with pregnancy where as community level precursors and characteristics were negatively associated with TP in South Africa. Conclusion: Household experience of SD precursors increases the likelihood of TP. Therefore, policies should be created to minimise the levels and effects of household precursors of SD in South Africa.