Reforms and Employment in the Egyptian Labor Market: Evolution by Age from 1988 to 2006
Irene N. Selwaness, Cairo University
This paper aims to study the evolution in the age composition of males' employment in the aftermath of the public sector downsizing in the 1990s - during the Economic Reform and Structural Adjustment Policies - and the new labor law in 2003. Employment, formality and hours-of-work are simultaneously estimated by maximum likelihood to control for the self-selection, using three cross-sectional samples from Egyptian Datasets conducted in 1988, 1998 and 2006. Results show that males aged (15-29) and those aged (50-59) were less likely, as compared to their peers in middle age (30-49), to be employed in 1998 than in 1988. While informality has affected all age groups, the 30 to 49 years old were the category that experienced the most rapid increase in informality as compared to the other two age-groups.